Kinross College & Explicit Teaching
Components of the Explicit Teaching Model
This is an integral component that helps students move knowledge and information from short term memory to long term memory. Usually, this is done through oral repetition and chanting of the relevant facts related to the topic. Usually, the information would have been thought through activities in flashcards or whiteboards.
Certain elements make up this aspect. They include phonemic awareness, spelling, grammar, vocabulary, sight words, and phonics awareness.
This component allows students to link or review previous works and engagement for continued or new learning.
This component or stage involves instruction, usually direct by the instructor directing students towards an expected standard. This is usually explicit, and the whole process of teaching is broken down into various steps.
This stage involves immersing the students in guided practice. This is usually in respect of the skill or process in question. The goal is to help the students gain mastery of the subject and also increase their confidence.
This stage or component involves individual tasks. The students work individually and silently. In turn, at this point, the teacher monitors the activities of the students and provide support and feedback.
Plough Back and Review
This is the final stage or component of the explicit teaching method. Here, the teacher clarifies the expected qualities and standards while providing an opportunity to view key skills and concepts.
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